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Development. September 4, 2017;

Maternal dead-end 1 promotes translation of nanos1 through binding the eIF3 complex.

Aguero T , Jin Z , Chorghade S , Kalsotra A , King ML , Yang J .

In the developing embryo, primordial germ cells (PGCs) represent the exclusive progenitors of the gametes, and their loss results in adult infertility. During early development, PGCs are exposed to numerous signals that specify somatic cell fates. To prevent somatic differentiation, PGCs must transiently silence their genome, an early developmental process that requires Nanos activity. However, it is unclear how nanos translation is regulated in developing embryos. We report here that translation of nanos1 after fertilization requires Dead End1 (Dnd1), a vertebrate-specific germline RNA-binding protein. We provide evidence that Dnd1 protein, whose expression is low in oocytes, but increases dramatically after fertilization, directly interacts with, and relieves the inhibitory function of eukaryotic initiation factor 3f, a repressive component in the 43S preinitiation complex. This work uncovers a novel translational regulatory mechanism that is fundamentally important for germline development.

PubMed ID: 28870987
Article link: Development.

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