XB-ART-54001Biochem Biophys Res Commun. November 4, 2017; 493 (1): 409-415.
Insulin treatment augments KCNQ1/KCNE1 currents but not KCNQ1 currents, which is associated with an increase in KCNE1 expression.
Diabetes mellitus affects ion channel physiology. We have previously reported that acute application of insulin suppresses the KCNQ1/KCNE1 currents that play an important role in terminating ventricular action potential. In this study, we investigated the effect of long-term insulin treatment on KCNQ1/KCNE1 currents using the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Insulin treatment with a duration longer than 6 h had an opposite effect to acute insulin application, that is, it augmented the KCNQ1/KCNE1 currents. Inhibitors of PI3K, wortmannin and LY294002, and a MEK inhibitor, U0126, abolished the potentiating effect of long-term insulin treatment. The long-term treatment with insulin had no effect on KCNQ1 currents indicating an essential role of KCNE1 in the insulin effect, which is similar to the acute insulin effect. Cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, and brefeldin A, an inhibitor of protein transport from endoplasmic reticulum, suppressed the long-term insulin effect. Western blotting analysis combined with these pharmacological data suggest that long-term insulin treatment augments KCNQ1/KCNE1 currents by increasing KCNE1 protein expression.
PubMed ID: 28882596
Article link: Biochem Biophys Res Commun.