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Nat Commun January 1, 2017; 8 (1): 495.

interleukin-11 induces and maintains progenitors of different cell lineages during Xenopus tadpole tail regeneration.

Tsujioka H , Kunieda T , Katou Y , Shirahige K , Fukazawa T , Kubo T .

Unlike mammals, Xenopus laevis tadpoles possess high ability to regenerate their lost organs. In amphibians, the main source of regenerated tissues is lineage-restricted tissue stem cells, but the mechanisms underlying induction, maintenance and differentiation of these stem/progenitor cells in the regenerating organs are poorly understood. We previously reported that interleukin-11 (il-11) is highly expressed in the proliferating cells of regenerating Xenopus tadpole tails. Here, we show that il-11 knockdown (KD) shortens the regenerated tail length, and the phenotype is rescued by forced-il-11-expression in the KD tadpoles. Moreover, marker genes for undifferentiated notochord, muscle, and sensory neurons are downregulated in the KD tadpoles, and the forced-il-11-expression in intact tadpole tails induces expression of these marker genes. Our findings demonstrate that il-11 is necessary for organ regeneration, and suggest that IL-11 plays a key role in the induction and maintenance of undifferentiated progenitors across cell lineages during Xenopus tail regeneration. Xenopus laevis tadpoles have maintained their ability to regenerate various organs. Here, the authors show that interleukin-11 is necessary for organ regeneration, by inducing and maintaining undifferentiated progenitors across cell lineages during Xenopus tail regeneration.

PubMed ID: 28887447
PMC ID: PMC5591189
Article link: Nat Commun

Genes referenced: dcx hpse il11ra il6 il6st lif not runx1 stat3.1 il11

Antibodies referenced: Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705) Ab1

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