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XB-ART-54542
Sci Rep January 1, 2018; 8 (1): 2433.

Intracellular calcium signal at the leading edge regulates mesodermal sheet migration during Xenopus gastrulation.

Hayashi K , Yamamoto TS , Ueno N .


Abstract
During the gastrulation stage in animal embryogenesis, the cells leading the axial mesoderm migrate toward the anterior side of the embryo, vigorously extending cell protrusions such as lamellipodia. It is thought that the leading cells sense gradients of chemoattractants emanating from the ectodermal cells and translate them to initiate and maintain the cell movements necessary for gastrulation. However, it is unclear how the extracellular information is converted to the intracellular chemical reactions that lead to motion. Here we demonstrated that intracellular Ca2+ levels in the protrusion-forming leading cells are markedly higher than those of the following cells and the axial mesoderm cells. We also showed that inhibiting the intracellular Ca2+ significantly retarded the gastrulation cell movements, while increasing the intracellular Ca2+ with an ionophore enhanced the migration. We further found that the ionophore treatment increased the active form of the small GTPase Rac1 in these cells. Our results suggest that transient intracellular Ca2+ signals play an essential role in the active cell migration during gastrulation.

PubMed ID: 29402947
Article link: Sci Rep

Genes referenced: cer1 fn1 klf6 not rac1 tbxt
GO keywords: intracellular [+]

OMIMs: NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO; NTD

Article Images: [+] show captions
References:
Ataliotis, 1995, Pubmed, Xenbase [+]


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