Cut loose and run: The complex role of ADAM proteases during neural crest cell development.
ADAM metalloproteases have been shown to play critical roles during development. In this review, we will describe functional evidence that implicates ADAM proteins during the genesis, migration and differentiation of neural crest cells. We will restrict our analysis to the transmembrane ADAMs as other reviews have addressed the role of extracellular metalloproteases (Christian et al.  Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 48:544-560). This review will describe advances that have been obtained mainly through the use of two vertebrate model systems, the frog, and avian embryos. The role of the principal substrates of ADAMs, the cadherins, has been extensively described in other reviews, most recently in (Cousin  Mechanisms of Development 148:79-88; Taneyhill and Schiffmacher  Genesis, 55). The function of ADAMs in the migration of other cell types, including the immune system, wound healing and cancer has been described previously in (Dreymueller et al.  Mediators of Inflammation 2017: 9621724). Our goal is to illustrate both the importance of ADAMs in controlling neural crest behavior and how neural crest cells have helped us understand the molecular interactions, substrates, and functions of ADAM proteins in vivo.
PubMed ID: 29476604
PMC ID: PMC6105527
Article link: Genesis
Grant support: R01 DE016289 NIDCR NIH HHS, R01 DE024217 NIDCR NIH HHS, R24 OD021485 NIH HHS