Subcellular scaling: does size matter for cell division?
Among different species or cell types, or during early embryonic cell divisions that occur in the absence of cell growth, the size of subcellular structures, including the nucleus, chromosomes, and mitotic spindle, scale with cell size. Maintaining correct subcellular scales is thought to be important for many cellular processes and, in particular, for mitosis. In this review, we provide an update on nuclear and chromosome scaling mechanisms and their significance in metazoans, with a focus on Caenorhabditis elegans, Xenopus and mammalian systems, for which a common role for the Ran (Ras-related nuclear protein)-dependent nuclear transport system has emerged.
PubMed ID: 29501026
PMC ID: PMC5988940
Article link: Curr Opin Cell Biol
Grant support: R35 GM118183 NIGMS NIH HHS
Genes referenced: kif2a nutf2 rcc1 tpx2
GO Terms referenced: cytokinesis