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XB-ART-54842
J Morphol January 1, 2018; 279 (7): 950-969.

Microvascular anatomy of the brain of the adult pipid frog, Xenopus laevis (Daudin): A scanning electron microscopic study of vascular corrosion casts.

Lametschwandtner A , Minnich B .


Abstract
To demonstrate the 3D microvascular anatomy of the brain of the model organism Xenopus laevis Daudin scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts was correlated with light microscopy of stained 7 µm thick serial tissues sections. Results showed that supplying arteries descended from the leptomeningeal surface without remarkable branchings straight to the subventricular zone where they branched and capillarized. Capillaries showed few H- and/or Y-shaped anastomoses during their centrifugal course toward the leptomeningeal surface where they drained into cerebral venules and veins. Apart from the accessory olfactory bulb and the vestibule-cochlear nucleus where capillaries were densely packed, capillaries formed a wide-meshed 3D network throughout the brain parenchyma and thus contrasted to urodelian brains where hairpin-shaped capillaries descend from the leptomeningeal vessels into varying depths of the brain parenchyma. In about two-third of specimens, a closed arterial circle of Willis was found at the base of the brain. If this circle in Xenopus might serve the same two functions as in men is briefly discussed. Choroid plexuses of third and fourth ventricle were found to have a high venous, but a low arterial inflow via one small choroidal artery only. Findings are compared with previous studies on the vascularization of the anuran brain and discrepancies in respect to presence or absence of particular arteries and/or veins in Ranids, Bufonids, and Pipids studied so far are discussed with particular emphasis on the techniques used in the various studies published so far.

PubMed ID: 29693258
PMC ID: PMC6718010
Article link: J Morphol


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: tecta.2


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
, Vascularization of the pars distalis of the hypophysis in the toad, Bufo bufo (L.) (Amphibia, Anura). A comparative light microscopical and scanning electron microscopical study. I. 1977, Pubmed