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Viruses January 1, 2019; 11 (2):

Class A Scavenger Receptors Are Used by Frog Virus 3 During Its Cellular Entry.

Vo NTK , Guerreiro M , Yaparla A , Grayfer L , DeWitte-Orr SJ .

Frog virus 3 (FV3) is the type species of the genus Ranavirus (family Iridoviridae). FV3 and FV3-like viruses are globally distributed infectious agents with the capacity to replicate in three vertebrate classes (teleosts, amphibians, and reptiles). At the cellular level, FV3 and FV3-like viruses can infect cells from virtually all vertebrate classes. To date, the cellular receptors that are involved in the FV3 entry process are unknown. Class A scavenger receptors (SR-As) are a family of evolutionarily conserved cell-surface receptors that bind a wide range of chemically distinct polyanionic ligands and can function as cellular receptors for other DNA viruses, including vaccinia virus and herpes simplex virus. The present study aimed to determine whether SR-As are involved in FV3 cellular entry. By using well-defined SR-A competitive and non-competitive ligand-blocking assays and absolute qPCR, we demonstrated that the SR-A competitive ligands drastically reduced the quantities of cell-associated viral loads in frog cells. Moreover, inducing the expression of a human SR-AI in an SR-A null cell line significantly increased FV3⁻cell association. Together, our results indicate that SR-As are utilized by FV3 during the cellular entry process.

PubMed ID: 30678064
PMC ID: PMC6409810
Article link: Viruses
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: colec12 il34 rpe scara3 scara5
GO keywords: transport of virus in host, cell to cell

Article Images: [+] show captions

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