XB-ART-56776J Neurochem June 1, 1987; 48 (6): 1942-53.
Monoclonal antibody Tor 23 recognizes a determinant of a presynaptic acetylcholinesterase.
A significant proportion of the acetylcholinesterase that is present in the electric organ of Torpedo californica exists as a presynaptic membrane molecule. The monoclonal antibody Tor 23 binds the Torpedo presynaptic nerve membrane where it recognizes a polypeptide of 68,000 daltons. Our present studies indicate that Tor 23 identifies acetylcholinesterase. From the homogenates of Torpedo nerve terminals, Tor 23 immunoprecipitates measurable esterase activity. Esterase precipitation was not observed with no Tor 23 added; nor was it observed with any other test antibodies, including other Tor antibodies, in particular, Tor 70, which binds, as does Tor 23, to the presynaptic nerve membrane. The esterase activity was specific for acetylcholinesterase. Our studies indicate the molecule defined by Tor 23 has the solubility properties described for that of presynaptic acetylcholinesterase: it is soluble in detergent-treated electroplax homogenates and insoluble in high-salt extractions. In sections of Torpedo back muscle, both nerve and endplate acetylcholinesterase can be detected histochemically. Tor 23 localizes to the nerve and is not clustered at the endplate. The utility of the antibody Tor 23 thus includes biochemical and histological analyses of the multiple forms of acetylcholinesterase.
PubMed ID: 3553431
Article link: J Neurochem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ache ces3.4 mtor