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XB-ART-56788
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids June 5, 2020; 20 186-195.

Tumor-Suppressive MicroRNA-216b Binds to TPX2, Activating the p53 Signaling in Human Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Feng C , Zhang HL , Zeng A , Bai M , Wang XJ .


Abstract
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is acknowledged in human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). We hereby evaluated the ability of miRNA-216b (miR-216b) to impact human cSCC. cSCC tissues with corresponding adjacent normal tissues were collected from 40 patients diagnosed with cSCC where the expression pattern of miR-216b and targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) was determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot analysis. A431 cells were transfected with miR-216b mimic, miR-216b inhibitor, or short interfering RNA against TPX2 to evaluate cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, scratch test, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry. TPX2 was highly expressed in cSCC tissues while miR-216b was poorly expressed in association with tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and tumor node metastasis staging in patients with cSCC. In response to overexpressed miR-216b or silenced TPX2, cSCC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were suppressed and apoptosis was stimulated, along with activated p53 signaling. Thus, upregulated miR-216b was capable of promoting apoptosis and inhibiting proliferation, invasion, and migration of cSCC cells by downregulating TPX2 through activation of the p53 signaling, highlighting a novel biomarker for novel treatment modalities against cSCC.

PubMed ID: 32169806
PMC ID: PMC7068200
Article link: Mol Ther Nucleic Acids

Genes referenced: cdkn1a mdm2 mmut pcna tp53 tpx2


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