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J Cell Mol Med May 28, 2020;

MicroRNA-708 modulates Hepatic Stellate Cells activation and enhances extracellular matrix accumulation via direct targeting TMEM88.

Xu T , Pan L , Li L , Hu S , Zhou H , Yang C , Yang J , Li H , Liu Y , Meng X , Li J .

Transmembrane protein 88 (TMEM88) is a potential 2-transmembrane-type protein that interacts with the PDZ domain of Dishevelled-1 (DVL-1), a crucial component of Wnt signalling pathway through its C-terminal Val-Trp-Val (VWV) motif in Xenopus embryo cells. Since the significant function of β-catenin in liver fibrosis, it is urgent to study the TMEM88 mechanism in liver fibrosis. The current research was for evaluating the function of TMEM88 in the process of the liver fibrosis and clarifying the inherent mechanism. The study found that TMEM88 is decreased in human fibrotic liver tissues. Functionally, TMEM88 significantly reduced the expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type I (Col.I) and repressed extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation by restoring the balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and TIMPs (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases). TMEM88 inhibited HSCs proliferation and evaluated the apoptosis of activated LX-2 cells by regulating Wnt3a, Wnt2b and β-catenin of Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. Moreover, we demonstrated that miR-708 particularly targeted TMEM88 3''-UTR regions and down-regulated the expression level of TMEM88 in TGF-β1-stimulated LX-2 cells. MiR-708 promoted the generation of ECM and cell activation in activated LX-2 cells. These results determined that miR-708 could promote HSCs activation and enhance ECM accumulation via direct targeting TMEM88 by Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. This will provide a potential target for future research in the process of liver fibrosis.

PubMed ID: 32463570
PMC ID: PMC7339227
Article link: J Cell Mol Med
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: ctnnb1 dvl1 tmem88 wnt2b wnt3a
GO keywords: Wnt signaling pathway

Article Images: [+] show captions

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