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Pharmacol Rep April 1, 2020; 72 (2): 472-480.
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Subunit-specific effects of poricoic acid A on NMDA receptors.

Lee J , Kim C , Yeom HD , Nguyen KVA , Eom S , Lee S , Jung JH , Lee JH , Kim SH , Kim IK , Lee JH .

BACKGROUND: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is a tetrameric protein complex composed of glycine-linked NR1 subunits and glutamate-linked NR2 subunits. There are four NR2 subunits (A-D) that differ in development, anatomy, and function profiles. They play various roles in normal and neuropathologic conditions. Specific agonists, antagonists, and modulators of subunits for selective NMDA receptors may be precious mediational tools and potent agents for treating diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of poricoic acid A on NMDA receptor known to mediate excitatory synaptic transmission factors and cause changes in synaptic strength. Inhibitory effect of poricoic acid A on NR1a combined with NR2A, NR2B, NR2C, or NR2D receptor was evaluated. METHODS: Glutamate-mediated currents for each NR1a and NR2 subunits were investigated using two-electrode voltage-clamp techniques. Molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulation studies were carried out with Autodock Tools. Poricoic acid A and NMDA receptor protein complex were examined with Ligplot and Pymol docking program. Ligplot shows binding activity at the protein and the ligand. RESULTS: The inhibitory effect of poricoic acid A on glutamate-induced inward current in a concentration-dependent manner that was reversible. Half inhibitory concentrations of glutamate on NR1a/NR2A, NR1a/NR2B, NR1a/NR2C, and NR1a/NR2D receptors were 9.6 ± 1.2, 5.7 ± 0.4, 46.1 ± 21.5, and 21.5 ± 8.2 μM, respectively. This corresponded to the order of inhibitory effect of oocyte expressing NR1a and NR2s subunit of NR1a/NR2B > NR1a/NR2A > NR1a/NR2C > NR1a/NR2D. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results indicate that poricoic acid A can modulate the expression of NMDA receptor. In addition, the regulation of excitatory ligand-gating ion channel by poricoic acid A may have pharmaceutical functions on excitatory synaptic transmission of neuronal system.

PubMed ID: 32048268
Article link: Pharmacol Rep

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: grin2a grin2b grin2c grin2d nodal1 nodal2
GO keywords: ligand-gated channel activity [+]