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Sci Rep January 1, 2020; 10 (1): 21555.
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Wnt-inducible Lrp6-APEX2 interacting proteins identify ESCRT machinery and Trk-fused gene as components of the Wnt signaling pathway.

Colozza G , Jami-Alahmadi Y , Dsouza A , Tejeda-Muñoz N , Albrecht LV , Sosa EA , Wohlschlegel JA , De Robertis EM .

The canonical Wnt pathway serves as a hub connecting diverse cellular processes, including β-catenin signaling, differentiation, growth, protein stability, macropinocytosis, and nutrient acquisition in lysosomes. We have proposed that sequestration of β-catenin destruction complex components in multivesicular bodies (MVBs) is required for sustained canonical Wnt signaling. In this study, we investigated the events that follow activation of the canonical Wnt receptor Lrp6 using an APEX2-mediated proximity labeling approach. The Wnt co-receptor Lrp6 was fused to APEX2 and used to biotinylate targets that are recruited near the receptor during Wnt signaling at different time periods. Lrp6 proximity targets were identified by mass spectrometry, and revealed that many endosomal proteins interacted with Lrp6 within 5 min of Wnt3a treatment. Interestingly, we found that Trk-fused gene (TFG), previously known to regulate the cell secretory pathway and to be rearranged in thyroid and lung cancers, was strongly enriched in the proximity of Lrp6. TFG depletion with siRNA, or knock-out with CRISPR/Cas9, significantly reduced Wnt/β-catenin signaling in cell culture. In vivo, studies in the Xenopus system showed that TFG is required for endogenous Wnt-dependent embryonic patterning. The results suggest that the multivesicular endosomal machinery and the novel player TFG have important roles in Wnt signaling.

PubMed ID: 33299006
PMC ID: PMC7726150
Article link: Sci Rep
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: apex2 cd63 cltc ctrl dkk1 dvl2 egr2 elavl2 en2 gsk3b lasp1 lrp6 myod1 pam pdlim1 rax sox2 tfg wnt3a wnt8a

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References [+] :
Albrecht, Canonical Wnt is inhibited by targeting one-carbon metabolism through methotrexate or methionine deprivation. 2019, Pubmed