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FASEB J January 1, 2020; 34 (5): 6055-6069.
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Long non-coding RNA LINC00337 induces autophagy and chemoresistance to cisplatin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells via upregulation of TPX2 by recruiting E2F4.

Yang C , Shen S , Zheng X , Ye K , Ge H , Sun Y , Lu Y .

Esophageal cancer represents the eighth most frequently occurring cancer, as well as the sixth most widespread cause of cancer-related deaths. In recent years, accumulating evidence has implicated long non-coding RNAs in the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential involvement and underlying mechanisms of LINC00337 in ESCC. Expression patterns of LINC00337 and targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) in ESCC tissues and cells were detected using RT-qPCR and immunohistochemical staining. Next, the interactions among LINC00337, E2F4, and TPX2 were identified using chromatin immunoprecipitation, dual-luciferase reporter, and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation assays, suggesting that LINC00337 could recruit E2F4 to enhance the transcription of TPX2. Thereafter, the regulatory roles of LINC00337 and TPX2 in ESCC were analyzed by altering the expression of LINC00337 or TPX2 in ESCC cells following treatment with cisplatin (DDP). The levels of autophagy-related proteins Beclin1 and LC3II/LC3I, viability, autophagy, apoptosis, and chemoresistance of ESCC cells to DDP were measured following transfection treatment with different plasmids. Additionally, the role of the LINC00337/E2F4/TPX2 axis was assessed in vivo by measuring tumor formation in nude mice. The results demonstrated that LINC00337 upregulated TPX2, consequently leading to elevated levels of Beclin1 and LC3II/LC3I, promoted cell viability and autophagy, while inhibiting apoptosis and chemosensitivity to DDP in ESCC. In sum, the current study evidenced that the overexpression of LINC00337 could potentially enhance ESCC cell autophagy and chemoresistance to DDP via the upregulation of TPX2 by recruiting E2F4. Thus, LINC00337 may serve as a potential candidate for the treatment of ESCC.

PubMed ID: 32239565
Article link: FASEB J

Genes referenced: e2f4 tpx2