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XB-ART-57709
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res April 1, 2021; 1868 (4): 118952.

Specific binding of VegT mRNA localization signal to membranes in Xenopus oocytes.

Janas T , Sapoń K , Janas T , Yarus M .


Abstract
We have studied the interaction of a VegT mRNA localization signal sequence with the membranes of the mitochondrial cloud in Xenopus oocytes, and the binding of the VegT mRNA signal sequence to the lipid raft regions of the vesicles bounded by ordered and disordered phospholipid bilayers. RNA preference for the membranes of the mitochondrial cloud was confirmed using microscopy of a fluorescence resonance energy transfer from RNA molecules to membranes. Our studies show that VegT mRNA has a higher affinity for ordered regions of lipid bilayers. This conclusion is supported by the dissociation constant measurements for RNA-liposome complex and the visualization of the FRET signal between giant vesicles and RNA. Our data indicate that these affinities are sensitive and distinct to the location of the localization elements within the VegT mRNA localization signal structure. Therefore, specific binding of VegT mRNA localization signal sequence to membranes can be responsible for polarized distribution of VegT mRNA in Xenopus oocytes. We suggest that the mechanism of this binding can involve the interaction of the localization elements within the VegT mRNA signal sequence with lipid raft regions of the mitochondrial cloud membranes, thereby utilizing localization elements as novel lipid raft-binding RNA motifs.

PubMed ID: 33422615
Article link: Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res


Genes referenced: vegt