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Development January 1, 2021; 148 (2):

Neural tube closure requires the endocytic receptor Lrp2 and its functional interaction with intracellular scaffolds.

Kowalczyk I , Lee C , Schuster E , Hoeren J , Trivigno V , Riedel L , Görne J , Wallingford JB , Hammes A , Feistel K .

Pathogenic mutations in the endocytic receptor LRP2 in humans are associated with severe neural tube closure defects (NTDs) such as anencephaly and spina bifida. Here, we have combined analysis of neural tube closure in mouse and in the African Clawed Frog Xenopus laevis to elucidate the etiology of Lrp2-related NTDs. Lrp2 loss of function impaired neuroepithelial morphogenesis, culminating in NTDs that impeded anterior neural plate folding and neural tube closure in both model organisms. Loss of Lrp2 severely affected apical constriction as well as proper localization of the core planar cell polarity (PCP) protein Vangl2, demonstrating a highly conserved role of the receptor in these processes, which are essential for neural tube formation. In addition, we identified a novel functional interaction of Lrp2 with the intracellular adaptor proteins Shroom3 and Gipc1 in the developing forebrain. Our data suggest that, during neurulation, motifs within the intracellular domain of Lrp2 function as a hub that orchestrates endocytic membrane removal for efficient apical constriction, as well as PCP component trafficking in a temporospatial manner.

PubMed ID: 33500317
PMC ID: PMC7860117
Article link: Development
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: elavl2 gipc1 lrp2 myc shroom3 tjp1 vangl2
GO keywords: forebrain development
Morpholinos: gipc1 MO1 lrp2 MO1

Disease Ontology terms: anencephaly [+]
References [+] :
Aschenbrenner, Myo6 facilitates the translocation of endocytic vesicles from cell peripheries. 2004, Pubmed