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Mol Pharmacol January 1, 2021; 99 (2): 114-124.

Identification and Characterization of a Novel Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channel Activator, CTIBD, and Its Relaxation Effect on Urinary Bladder Smooth Muscle.

Lee N , Lim BH , Lee KS , Shin J , Pagire HS , Pagire SH , Ahn JH , Lee SW , Kang TM , Park CS .

The large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (BKCa channel) is expressed on various tissues and is involved in smooth muscle relaxation. The channel is highly expressed on urinary bladder smooth muscle cells and regulates the repolarization phase of the spontaneous action potentials that control muscle contraction. To discover novel chemical activators of the BKCa channel, we screened a chemical library containing 8364 chemical compounds using a cell-based fluorescence assay. A chemical compound containing an isoxazolyl benzene skeleton (compound 1) was identified as a potent activator of the BKCa channel and was structurally optimized through a structure-activity relationship study to obtain 4-(4-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)isoxazol-5-yl)benzene-1,3-diol (CTIBD). When CTIBD was applied to the treated extracellular side of the channel, the conductance-voltage relationship of the channel shifted toward a negative value, and the maximum conductance increased in a concentration-dependent manner. CTIBD altered the gating kinetics of the channel by dramatically slowing channel closing without effecting channel opening. The effects of CTIBD on bladder muscle relaxation and micturition function were tested in rat tissue and in vivo. CTIBD concentration-dependently reduced acetylcholine-induced contraction of urinary bladder smooth muscle strips. In an acetic acid-induced overactive bladder (OAB) model, intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg CTIBD effectively restored frequent voiding contraction and lowered voiding volume without affecting other bladder function parameters. Thus, our results indicate that CTIBD and its derivatives are novel chemical activators of the bladder BKCa channel and potential candidates for OAB therapeutics. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The novel BKCa channel activator CTIBD was identified and characterized in this study. CTIBD directly activates the BKCa channel and relaxes urinary bladder smooth muscle of rat, so CTIBD can be a potential candidate for overactive bladder therapeutics.

PubMed ID: 33268552
Article link: Mol Pharmacol