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XB-ART-5972
Development February 1, 2003; 130 (4): 805-16.

The secreted Frizzled-related protein Sizzled functions as a negative feedback regulator of extreme ventral mesoderm.

Collavin L , Kirschner MW .


Abstract
The prevailing model of dorsal ventral patterning of the amphibian embryo predicts that the prospective mesoderm is regionalized at gastrulation in response to a gradient of signals. This gradient is established by diffusible BMP and Wnt inhibitors secreted dorsally in the Spemann organizer. An interesting question is whether ventrolateral tissue passively reads graded levels of ventralizing signals, or whether local self-organizing regulatory circuits may exist on the ventral side to control cell behavior and differentiation at a distance from the Organizer. We provide evidence that sizzled, a secreted Frizzled-related protein expressed ventrally during and after gastrulation, functions in a negative feedback loop that limits allocation of mesodermal cells to the extreme ventral fate, with direct consequences for morphogenesis and formation of the blood islands. Morpholino-mediated knockdown of Sizzled protein results in expansion of ventral posterior mesoderm and the ventral blood islands, indicating that this negative regulation is required for proper patterning of the ventral mesoderm. The biochemical activity of sizzled is apparently very different from that of other secreted Frizzled-related proteins, and does not involve inhibition of Wnt8. Our data are consistent with the existence of some limited self-organizing properties of the extreme ventral mesoderm.

PubMed ID: 12506010
Article link: Development

Genes referenced: actl6a chrd.1 frzb frzb2 gata1 hba1 hba3 kdr lhx1 myc myod1 sox17b.1 szl tal1 tbxt ventx2.2 wnt11 wnt11b wnt8a
Morpholinos: szl MO1


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