XB-ART-6113Dev Dyn December 1, 2002; 225 (4): 597-601.
Survivin mRNA is down-regulated during early Xenopus laevis embryogenesis.
One of the hallmarks of early development is the rapid proliferation of cells immediately after fertilization. Many of the rules that govern cell division in normal somatic cells, such as contact inhibition and apoptosis, seem temporarily suspended in the early embryo. A similar suspension of mechanisms normally regulating cell division occurs in the development of cancer. Survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis and a positive regulator of progression through the cell cycle, localizes to the mitotic spindle and interacts with several proapoptotic caspases. Survivin protein expression has been studied during the development of the salivary gland in mouse. However, the regulation of survivin during the critical transitions defining oocyte maturation and the early restriction of developmental potential are not easily examined in the mouse. We therefore studied survivin mRNA expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis in Xenopus laevis. We found that survivin mRNA is present in the earliest stages of Xenopus oocytes and that it accumulates during oogenesis. Progesterone-induced maturation of Xenopus oocytes leads to polyadenylation of the survivin transcript. Survivin mRNA is also present in early Xenopus embryos. After the onset of zygotic transcription, however, the amount of survivin mRNA declines rapidly to undetectable levels. This decrease in survivin mRNA correlates temporally with both the slowing of the cell cycle and the onset of endogenous embryonic apoptosis. With the exception of the ovary, survivin mRNA was undetectable in all adult Xenopus tissues examined.
PubMed ID: 12454937
Article link: Dev Dyn
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: birc5