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Gene October 2, 2002; 298 (2): 173-82.

Xenopus laevis red cone opsin and Prph2 promoters allow transgene expression in amphibian cones, or both rods and cones.

Moritz OL , Peck A , Tam BM .

We have cloned the promoter regions of two Xenopus laevis genes, Prph2 (also called RDS) and red cone opsin (RCO) using a polymerase chain reaction-based gene-walking method. The proteins coded by these genes are expressed exclusively in retinal photoreceptors. Although these promoter sequences are evolutionarily distant from previously described homologues, potentially informative similarities were noted that suggest conserved binding sites of the transcription factors Crx and Rx. The promoters were tested for function in transgenic X. laevis. RCO-driven expression was restricted to cones and pinealocytes, while the Prph2 promoter drove expression of a reporter green fluorescent protein transgene in both rod and cone photoreceptors, as well as low levels of expression in muscle tissue. This is the first description of transgene expression driven by a Prph2 promoter homologue from any species. In combination with the previously reported X. laevis opsin and arrestin promoters, these sequences will facilitate the development and analysis of X. laevis models of inherited retinal degeneration.

PubMed ID: 12426105
Article link: Gene
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: arrb2 crx opn1lw prph2 rho scai

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