SANE, a novel LEM domain protein, regulates bone morphogenetic protein signaling through interaction with Smad1.
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily that play important roles in bone formation, embryonic patterning, and epidermal-neural cell fate decisions. BMPs signal through pathway specific mediators such as Smads1 and 5, but the upstream regulation of BMP-specific Smads has not been fully characterized. Here we report the identification of SANE (Smad1 Antagonistic Effector), a novel protein with significant sequence similarity to nuclear envelop proteins such as MAN1. SANE binds to Smad1/5 and to BMP type I receptors and regulates BMP signaling. SANE specifically blocks BMP-dependent signaling in Xenopus embryos and in a mammalian model of bone formation but does not inhibit the TGF-beta/Smad2 pathway. Inhibition of BMP signaling by SANE requires interaction between SANE and Smad1, because a SANE mutant that does not bind Smad1 does not inhibit BMP signaling. Furthermore, inhibition appears to be mediated by inhibition of BMP-induced Smad1 phosphorylation, blocking ligand-dependent nuclear translocation of Smad1. These studies define a new mode of regulation for intracellular BMP/Smad1 signaling.
PubMed ID: 12393873
Article link: J Biol Chem.
Grant support: AR45587 NIAMS NIH HHS
Genes referenced: lemd3 smad1 smad2 tgfb1