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XB-ART-6345
Dev Growth Differ October 1, 2002; 44 (5): 365-81.

Basic transcription element binding protein is a thyroid hormone-regulated transcription factor expressed during metamorphosis in Xenopus laevis.

Hoopfer ED , Huang L , Denver RJ .


Abstract
Basic transcription element binding protein (BTEB) is a member of the Krüppel family of zinc finger transcription factors. It has been shown that BTEB plays a role in promoting neuronal process formation during postembryonic development. In the present study, the biochemical properties, transactivation function, and the developmental and hormone-regulated expression of BTEB in Xenopus laevis (xBTEB) are described. xBTEB binds the GC-rich basic transcription element (BTE) with high affinity and functions as a transcriptional activator on promoters containing multiple or single GC boxes. xBTEB mRNA levels increase in the tadpole brain, intestine and tail during metamorphosis, and are correlated with tissue-specific morphological and biochemical transformations. xBTEB mRNA expression can be induced precociously in premetamorphic tadpole tissues by treatment with thyroid hormone. In situ hybridization histochemistry showed that thyroid hormone upregulates xBTEB mRNA throughout the brain of premetamorphic tadpoles, with the highest expression found in the subventricular zones of the telencephalon, diencephalon, optic tectum, cerebellum and spinal cord. xBTEB protein parallels changes in its mRNA, and it was found that xBTEB is not expressed in mitotic cells in the developing brain, but is expressed just distal to the proliferative zone, supporting the hypothesis that this protein plays a role in neural cell differentiation.

PubMed ID: 12392570
Article link: Dev Growth Differ
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: cat.2 klf9 sp1 tdrd6 thra thrb
Antibodies: Klf9 Ab1 Thra-Thrb Ab1


Article Images: [+] show captions


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