Par-1 regulates stability of the posterior determinant Oskar by phosphorylation.
Par-1 kinase is critical for polarization of the Drosophila melanogaster oocyte and the one-cell Caenorhabditis elegans embryo. Although Par-1 localizes specifically to the posterior pole in both cells, neither its targets nor its function at the posterior pole have been elucidated. Here we show that Drosophila Par-1 phosphorylates the posterior determinant Oskar (Osk) and demonstrate genetically that Par-1 is required for accumulation of Osk protein. We show in cell-free extracts that Osk protein is intrinsically unstable and that it is stabilized after phosphorylation by Par-1. Our data indicate that posteriorly localized Par-1 regulates posterior patterning by stabilizing Osk.
PubMed ID: 11951092
Article link: Nat Cell Biol.
Genes referenced: mark2 mark3