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J Biol Chem May 17, 2002; 277 (20): 17836-44.

FOR, a novel orphan nuclear receptor related to farnesoid X receptor.

Seo YW , Sanyal S , Kim HJ , Won DH , An JY , Amano T , Zavacki AM , Kwon HB , Shi YB , Kim WS , Kang H , Moore DD , Choi HS .

We have identified and characterized a new amphibian orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and termed it FOR1 (farnesoid X receptor (FXR)-like Orphan Receptor) because it shares the highest amino acid identity with the mammalian FXR. We also identified a variant of FOR1, called FOR2, which has 15 additional C-terminal amino acids. Both variants include an unusual insertion of 33 amino acids in the helix 7 region of the canonical ligand binding domain sequence, suggesting a unique structure for FOR. Northern blot analysis demonstrates that the FOR gene is highly expressed in adult and tadpole liver, kidney, and tail bud stage of the embryo. Detailed expression analysis using in situ hybridization indicates that FOR expression is first detectable at stage 30/31 in the presumptive liver region lasting until stage 41 with a peak level evident at stage 35/36. FOR forms heterodimeric complexes with retinoid X receptor (RXR) as demonstrated by biochemical and mammalian two-hybrid approaches. Gel mobility shift assays demonstrate that FORs form specific DNA-protein complexes on an FXR binding element consisting of an inverted repeat DNA element with 1 nucleotide spacing (IR1) from the phospholipid transfer protein gene promoter. Finally, although FORs do not exhibit constitutive transcriptional activity, frog gallbladder extract significantly augments the transcriptional activities of FORs.

PubMed ID: 11867625
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: gnas hspb1 lgals4.2 nr0b2 nr1h4 nr1h5 pltp utp25

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