Recent studies indicate that splicing of pre-messenger RNA and export of mRNA are normally coupled in vivo. During splicing, the conserved mRNA export factor Aly is recruited to the spliced mRNA-protein complex (mRNP), which targets the mRNA for export. At present, it is not known how Aly is recruited to the spliced mRNP. Here we show that the conserved DEAD-box helicase UAP56, which functions during spliceosome assembly, interacts directly and highly specifically with Aly. Moreover, UAP56 is present together with Aly in the spliced mRNP. Significantly, excess UAP56 is a potent dominant negative inhibitor of mRNA export. Excess UAP56 also inhibits the recruitment of Aly to the spliced mRNP. Furthermore, a mutation in Aly that blocks its interaction with UAP56 prevents recruitment of Aly to the spliced mRNP. These data suggest that the splicing factor UAP56 functions in coupling the splicing and export machineries by recruiting Aly to the spliced mRNP.
PubMed ID: 11675789
Article link: Nature.
Genes referenced: alyref ddx39b