Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Pigment Cell Res August 1, 2001; 14 (4): 275-82.

Efficient, long-term transgene expression in Xenopus laevis dermal melanophores.

Gatlin J , Unett DJ , Lerner MR , Garcia JV .

Xenopus laevis dermal melanophores provide an excellent model system for the investigation of complex cellular processes. Specifically, the expression of exogenous genes in Xenopus melanophores is the basis of recombinant bioassays for the study of receptor-ligand interactions. However, due to their slow rate of cell division and to the relatively low efficiency of current transfection protocols, long-term expression of exogenous genes and the generation of stable melanophore cell lines remains problematic. In this report we demonstrate the efficient, long-term expression of two exogenous proteins, the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and the human CD4 (hCD4) cell surface receptor, following stable introduction into Xenopus melanophores via an HIV-1 based vector. Transduction of melanophores with the EGFP expression vector resulted in up to 80% EGFP+ cells. After 1 year in continuous culture in the absence of antibiotic selection, more than 60% of the cells remained EGFP+. Furthermore, we demonstrate the expression of hCD4 melanophores for over 9 months in continuous culture in the absence of antibiotic selection. Our results indicate that lentivirus vectors provide an efficient means of introducing genetic information into Xenopus melanophores, resulting in sustained levels of gene expression. The significance of this gene transfer system for the study of cellular signal transduction pathways is discussed.

PubMed ID: 11549111
Article link: Pigment Cell Res
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: cd4

Xenbase: The Xenopus Model Organism Knowledgebase.
Version: 4.15.0
Major funding for Xenbase is provided by grant P41 HD064556