XB-ART-8633Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A July 31, 2001; 98 (16): 9377-80.
Functional expression and characterization of a Drosophila odorant receptor in a heterologous cell system.
Odorant receptors (ORs) constitute the molecular basis for the detection of volatile odorous molecules and the perception of smell. Our understanding of chemical senses has been greatly expanded by the discovery of the OR gene families in vertebrates and in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Recently, candidate Drosophila OR genes have been identified. The putative ORs do not possess any primary sequence identity with known vertebrate or C. elegans receptors, but belong to the family of G protein-coupled receptors according to their predicted seven transmembrane topology. To prove olfactory function of these proteins, we expressed a member of the putative Drosophila OR gene family, Or43a, in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Using two-electrode voltage-clamp recording we identified four odors (cyclohexanone, cyclohexanol, benzaldehyde, and benzyl alcohol) that activated the receptor at low micromolar concentration and structurally related substances that did not. This report shows the function and specificity of a member of the recently identified family of Drosophila ORs expressed in a heterologous system.
PubMed ID: 11481494
PMC ID: PMC55428
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
References [+] :
Ayer, acj6: a gene affecting olfactory physiology and behavior in Drosophila. 1991, Pubmed