XB-ART-8810Br J Pharmacol July 1, 2001; 133 (5): 651-8.
Straight-chain alcohols exhibit a cutoff in potency for the inhibition of recombinant glutamate receptor subunits.
The effects of n-alcohols (methanol to 1-decanol) on kainate-activated AMPA receptor subunit GluR1 and GluR3 ion currents were studied in Xenopus oocytes using the two-electrode voltage-clamp recording technique. For short-chain alcohols from methanol to 1-hexanol, potency for inhibition of GluR1 and GluR3 receptor-mediated current increased in proportion to the chain length or hydrophobicity of the alcohol. The IC(50) values of these alcohols for GluR1 were: methanol, 702 mM; ethanol, 170 mM; 1-propanol, 69 mM; 1-butanol, 20 mM; 1-pentanol, 17 mM; and 1-hexanol, 10 mM. For GluR3, IC(50) values were: methanol, 712 mM; ethanol, 238 mM; 1-propanol, 50 mM; 1-butanol, 32 mM; 1-pentanol, 13 mM; and 1-hexanol, 7 mM. For long-chain alcohols, 1-heptanol was less potent than 1-hexanol (estimated IC(50): 19 mM for GluR1 and 18 mM for GluR3), 1-octanol had little effect only on GluR3, and 1-nonanol and 1-decanol did not significantly inhibit both GluR1 and GluR3 responses. The observations indicate that straight-chain n-alcohols exhibit a cutoff in their potency for inhibition of the function of non-NMDA glutamate receptor subunits, GluR1 and GluR3. The cutoff in potency of n-alcohols for inhibition of non-NMDA glutamate receptor function is consistent with the interpretation that alcohols affect the function of these receptor-channels by interacting with an alcohol binding site of specific dimensions on the receptor protein.
PubMed ID: 11429388
PMC ID: PMC1572828
Article link: Br J Pharmacol
Genes referenced: gria1 gria3
References [+] :
Akinshola, Anandamide inhibition of recombinant AMPA receptor subunits in Xenopus oocytes is increased by forskolin and 8-bromo-cyclic AMP. 1999, Pubmed, Xenbase