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sim1xenopus anterior 

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Experiment details for sim1

Dissecting the pre-placodal transcriptome to reveal presumptive direct targets of Six1 and Eya1 in cranial placodes.

Dissecting the pre-placodal transcriptome to reveal presumptive direct targets of Six1 and Eya1 in cranial placodes.

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Gene Clone Species Stages Anatomy
sim1.L laevis NF stage 28 anterior

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  Figure 4. Expression of selected presumptive direct targets of Six1/Eya1 in whole-mount Xenopus embryos. Genes expressed at neural plate stages (stages 14–18) are shown in panels A–L, and those only expressed at later stages are shown at mid/late tail bud stage (stages 28–32) in panels M–T. Several of the genes surveyed (Lhx5, Pou3f2b, Tbx15, Tbx6, Emx1.2 and Sim1 (A–D, M and N), were not expressed in the PPE, nor any placodal derivatives in later stages. Instead, such genes were expressed in the adjacent neural folds (Lhx5, Pou3f2b and Tbx15), ectoderm (Tbx6), or in the forebrain at later stages (Emx1.2). Several other genes were expressed broadly across the cranial ectoderm, at least partially overlapping with the PPE at neural plate stages (Ripply3, Crem, FosB and Znf214; E,O–Q), some of which are also maintained in placodal derivatives such as Znf214 in the otic vesicle (Q). The remaining genes (F–L, R–T) are expressed in parts of the PPE and maintained in some placodes (Hes2, Hes8, Hes9, Mab21l2b, Sox21, Isl2, Pou4f1.2, and Tlx1) or are expressed in a subset of placodes only (Atoh1, Gfi1a) (see Figure 4—figure supplements 1–4 for additional stages). Yellow arrows mark placodal expression. Arrowheads mark non-placodal expression. Abbreviations: pA: anterior placodal region; pAD: anterior lateral line placode; pE: epibranchial placode; pL: lens placode; L: lens; pM: middle lateral line placode; pO: olfactory placode; pP: posterior placodal region; pPrV: profundal/trigenimal placodes; vOt: otic vesicle. Plots U and V show qPCR after Six1 or Eya1 overexpression. Log2 fold change values were calculated from qPCR data obtained after overexpression of Six1-GR (U) or Eya1-GR (V) in placodal explants and are shown next to corresponding fold change values obtained from the RNA-Seq data. In all cases shown, qPCR values broadly corroborate those from the RNA-Seq data - showing up-regulation of target genes after either Six1 or Eya1 overexpression. Vertical error bars show the standard deviation of the mean of biological triplicates.