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Biochem Cell Biol 1997 Jan 01;752:153-62.
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Phosphorylation site substrate specificity determinants for the Pim-1 protooncogene-encoded protein kinase.

Palaty CK , Clark-Lewis I , Leung D , Pelech SL .

Pim-1 is an oncogene-encoded serine-threonine kinase that is expressed primarily in cells of the hematopoietic system and germ line. The full-length coding regions of both human and Xenopus laevis Pim-1 were expressed as recombinant bacterial fusion proteins that autophosphorylated in vitro and exhibited phosphotransferase activity towards various exogenous substrates. The consensus sequence for phosphorylation by Pim-1 was defined by stepwise replacement of the amino acids in peptide substrate analogues based on the carboxyl-terminal segment of human ribosomal protein S6 (residues 229-249). The optimal substrate peptide for Pim-1 was determined to be Lys/Arg-Lys/Arg-Arg-Lys/Arg-Leu-Ser/Thr-X, where X is an amino acid residue with a small side chain. These results were confirmed using X. laevis Pim-1 expressed in COS cells. These findings could permit the identification of physiological substrates of Pim-1 and predict the location of phosphorylation sites within these proteins.

PubMed ID: 9250363
Article link: Biochem Cell Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: pim1