XB-ART-19669Development 1995 Jun 01;1216:1775-85.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links
Temporal regulation of the Xenopus FGF receptor in development: a translation inhibitory element in the 3' untranslated region.
Early frog embryogenesis depends on a maternal pool of mRNA to execute critical intercellular signalling events. FGF receptor-1, which is required for normal development, is stored as a stable, untranslated maternal mRNA transcript in the fully grown immature oocyte, but is translationally activated at meiotic maturation. We have identified a short cis-acting element in the FGF receptor 3' untranslated region that inhibits translation of synthetic mRNA. This inhibitory element is sufficient to inhibit translation of heterologous reporter mRNA in the immature oocyte without changing RNA stability. Deletion of the poly(A) tract or polyadenylation signal sequences does not affect translational inhibition by this element. At meiotic maturation, we observe the reversal of translational repression mediated by the inhibitory element, mimicking that seen with endogenous maternal FGF receptor mRNA at meiosis. In addition, the activation of synthetic transcripts at maturation does not appear to require poly(A) lengthening. We also show that an oocyte cytoplasmic protein specifically binds the 3' inhibitory element, suggesting that translational repression of Xenopus FGF receptor-1 maternal mRNA in the oocytes is mediated by RNA-protein interactions. These data describe a mechanism of translational control that appears to be independent of poly(A) changes.
PubMed ID: 7600993