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FEBS Lett 1994 Jul 25;3491:93-8.
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Crystal structure of the cyanide-inhibited Xenopus laevis Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase at 98 K.

Djinovic Carugo K , Battistoni A , Carri MT , Polticelli F , Desideri A , Rotilio G , Coda A , Bolognesi M .

The crystal structure of cyanide-inhibited X. laevis Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase has been studied and refined based on diffraction data collected at 98 K. The final R-factor for the 27,299 reflections in the 10.0-1.7 A resolution range is 0.170. The cyanide anion, which is a competitive inhibitor expected to mimic the superoxide binding mode, binds directly to the active site copper atom, replacing the coordinated water molecule. Moreover, the anion establishes a strong electrostatic interaction with the guanidinium group of the conserved active site residue Arg141. The coordination sphere of Cu2+ is partly altered with respect to the uninhibited enzyme: a displacement of 0.41 A in subunit A, and 0.27 A in subunit B of the dimeric enzyme is observed for the Cu2+ ions. Only two ligands in the Cu2+ coordination sphere (His46 and His118) are significantly affected by cyanide binding, whereas virtually no rearrangement of the Zn2+ ligands is reported.

PubMed ID: 8045309
Article link: FEBS Lett