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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2006 Jul 28;3462:470-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.05.121.
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Two distinct domains in pro-region of Nodal-related 3 are essential for BMP inhibition.

The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily member, Xenopus nodal-related 3 (Xnr3), induces neural tissues through inhibition of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). We recently identified an inhibitory mechanism in which the pro-region of Xenopus tropicalis nodal-related 3 (Xtnr3) physically interacts with BMP ligands. Here, we show that disulfide-linked heterodimerization does not contribute to BMP inhibition by Xtnr3 and that the Xtnr3 mature region, overexpression of which can induce the same phenotype as full-length Xtnr3, does not inhibit BMP signaling. Furthermore, we find that the BMP-inhibitory domains of Xtnr3 are separately located in the N- and C-terminal regions of the pro-region. These results indicate the pro-region of Nodal-related 3 is both necessary and sufficient for its BMP inhibition.

PubMed ID: 16762322
Article link: Biochem Biophys Res Commun

Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: bmp4 msx1 myc nodal nodal1 ventx1 ventx1.2

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