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Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1988 Mar 22;2331271:201-16. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1988.0019.
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Responses to GABA, glycine and beta-alanine induced in Xenopus oocytes by messenger RNA from chick and rat brain.

Parker I , Sumikawa K , Miledi R .

Poly (A)+ messenger RNA (mRNA) was extracted from rat and chick brains, and injected into oocytes of Xenopus laevis. This led to the expression of receptors that evoked membrane currents in response to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine and beta-alanine. These currents all inverted at about the chloride equilibrium potential in the oocyte, and showed a marked rectification at negative potentials. Oocytes injected with mRNA from chick optic lobe gave large responses to GABA and beta-alanine, but small responses to glycine. In contrast, one fraction of mRNA from rat cerebral cortex (obtained by sucrose density gradient centrifugation) caused oocytes to develop sensitivity to GABA, glycine and beta-alanine, but very little to GABA. The pharmacological properties of the three amino acid responses also differed. Barbiturate and benzodiazepines potentiated the responses to GABA and beta-alanine, but not to glycine. Strychnine reduced the responses to glycine and beta-alanine, but not to GABA, whereas bicuculline reduced the responses to GABA and beta-alanine, but not to glycine. We conclude that different species of mRNA code for receptors to GABA and glycine, and possibly also for separate beta-alanine receptors.

PubMed ID: 2898147
Article link: Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci
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