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Arch Biochem Biophys February 1, 1988; 260 (2): 546-51.
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Thymosin beta 4Xen: a new thymosin beta 4-like peptide in oocytes of Xenopus laevis.

Hannappel E , Kalbacher H , Voelter W .

Two new thymosin beta 4-like peptides have been detected in ovaries of Xenopus laevis and Rana esculenta. Previously, it was reported that thymosin beta 4 can be found in various species, from mammals to amphibians, e.g., in X. laevis [S. Erickson-Viitanen, S. Ruggieri, P. Natalini, and B.L. Horecker (1983) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 221, 570-576]. However, oocytes and spleen from R. esculenta contain no thymosin beta 4 but a similar peptide without methionine. The peptide from R. esculenta elutes from a reversed-phase column about 5 min later than thymosin beta 4. The peptide from X. laevis, referred to as thymosin beta 4Xen, can hardly be distinguished from thymosin beta 4 by its retention time on HPLC, by amino acid analysis, its isoelectric point, or tryptic fingerprinting. Amino acid analyses of the tryptic fragments, however, have revealed that thymosin beta 4 and beta 4Xen are different. The amino acid sequence of thymosin beta 4Xen is reported. Thymosin beta 4 and beta 4Xen differ in the amino acid residues at positions 15, 40, and 41. At position 15 serine is replaced by alanine and at 41-42 the sequence is Thr-Ser instead of Ala-Gly. Depending on their size, defolliculated oocytes contain between 2.7 and 52.6 ng thymosin beta 4Xen which is comparable to the amount of histones in oocytes.

PubMed ID: 3124756
Article link: Arch Biochem Biophys

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: tmsb4x