XB-ART-30012J Mol Biol 1983 Nov 05;1703:699-722. doi: 10.1016/s0022-2836(83)80128-4.
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Analysis of the chromatin assembled in germinal vesicles of Xenopus oocytes.
We have injected circular DNA, labeled with 32P at a single restriction site, into germinal vesicles of Xenopus laevis oocytes in order to study the nucleosome arrangement on the assembled minichromosomes. Two types of genes were used in these studies, the somatic 5 S RNA gene unit of Xenopus borealis and the histone gene unit of Drosophila melanogaster. We find that injections of labeled DNA alone, at 1 ng DNA per oocyte, results in irregularly spaced nucleosomes and partially supercoiled DNA molecules. However, perfectly spaced nucleosomes are assembled and fully supercoiled DNA is recovered if 5 to 20 nanograms of cold vector DNA is coinjected with the labeled DNA. At the optimum chromatin assembly conditions, the nucleosomes are perfectly spaced with a 180 base-pair periodicity, but they are randomly positioned on the DNA. The assembly of a periodic chromatin structure is accompanied by a dramatic enhancement in the expression of the injected 5 S RNA gene.
PubMed ID: 6415291
Article link: J Mol Biol