XB-ART-31755Cell 1979 Mar 01;163:535-49.
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Vitellogenin in Xenopus laevis is encoded in a small family of genes.
Vitellogenin, the yolk protein precursor, is produced in X. laevis liver from a 6.3 kilobase (kb) mRNA. Sequences of this mRNA have been transcribed into cDNA and cloned in E. coli. Some properties of 21 of these cloned DNAs, ranging in size from 1 to 3.7 kb, have been reported by Wahli et al. (1978b). This paper reports restriction endonuclease mapping, cross hybridization, heteroduplex mapping in the electron microscope and heteroduplex melting experiments with these DNAs. We conclude that the cloned DNAs fall into two main groups of sequences which differ from each other in approximately 20% of their nucleotides. Each main group contains two subgroups which differ from each other by about 5% sequence divergence. By hybridizing cloned DNAs with restricted genomic DNA, we showed that sequences corresponding to all four sequence groups are present in a single animal. Furthermore, we have obtained tentative evidence for the presence of large intervening sequences in genomic vitellogenin DNA. Analysis of R loop molecules demonstrated that all four sequences are present in the vitellogenin mRNA population purified from individual animals. While some alternate explanations are not entirely excluded, we suggest that vitellogenin is encoded by a small family of related genes in Xenopus.
PubMed ID: 455441
Article link: Cell
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: tbx2 vtga2 vtgb1