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Eur J Biochem 1976 Jul 15;663:457-65.
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Size, complexity and abundance of a specific poly(A)-containing RNA of liver from male Xenopus induced to vitellogenin synthesis by estrogen.

Wahli W , Wyler T , Weber R , Ryffel GU .

Estrogen treatment of Xenopus males leads to the appearance of a new species of poly (A)-containing RNA in the liver, at a stage when large amounts of the estrogen-induced yolk precursor protein, vitellogenin, is produced. This estrogen-induced RNA sediments at 28 S and migrates on gels in aqueous solution with an apparent molecular weight of 2.0 X 10(6). Contour length measurements under denaturing conditions in the electron microscope reveal a molecular weight of 2.34 X 10(6) compared to the mouse 28-S rRNA. Labeling experiments show that the estrogen-induced RNA has a stability than the average liver poly(A)-containing RNA and represents 10-20% of the poly(a)-containing RNA in the cytoplasm after 24 h of labeling. Hybridization of complementary DNA, synthesized on the isolated estrogen-induced RNA, with its template suggests a complexity corresponding to a single species of poly(A)-containing RNA of such a high molecular weight. Hybridization of the complementary DNA with cytoplasmic poly (A)-containing RNA from estrogen-treated Xenopus males and control toads show that the estrogen-induced RNA constitutes 12-15% of all cytoplasmic poly(A)-containing RNA, and is at least 2000-fold less abundant in untreated males. Size, complexity and abundance of the estrogen-induced RNA are characteristics expected for a mRNA coding for vitellogenin.

PubMed ID: 954751
Article link: Eur J Biochem

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: vtga2 vtgb1