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J Biol Chem 2011 May 06;28618:15806-14. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.175927.
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Anti-apoptotic activity and proteasome-mediated degradation of Xenopus Mcl-1 protein in egg extracts.

Tsuchiya Y , Yamashita S .

Xenopus egg extracts execute spontaneous apoptosis without the requirement of transcription and translation, and this intrinsic mechanism is supposed to be involved in the physiological elimination of aged eggs. Although apoptosis in this system is carried out by maternally stockpiled materials, the endogenous apoptosis regulators present in egg extracts are still poorly characterized. Here we examined the mRNA expression profiles and apoptosis-regulating functions of 13 Xenopus Bcl-2 family proteins in egg extracts. Among these, we found that endogenous Xenopus Mcl-1 (xMcl-1) physiologically inhibited apoptosis by counteracting the pro-apoptotic activity of endogenous Xenopus Bid in egg extracts. Exogenously added recombinant xMcl-1 was rapidly degraded by proteasome in egg extracts, and we identified the destabilizing region in the N terminus of xMcl-1. Our results suggest that the proteolytic decay of xMcl-1 may change the functional balance between pro- and anti-apoptotic activities of Bcl-2 family proteins, thereby regulating the timing of cytochrome c release in egg extracts.

PubMed ID: 21454490
PMC ID: PMC3091190
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: bid fh mcl1

References [+] :
Akgul, Mcl-1 is a potential therapeutic target in multiple types of cancer. 2009, Pubmed