Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
FEBS Open Bio 2013 Oct 23;3:490-5. doi: 10.1016/j.fob.2013.10.006.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

Role of the hypoxia response pathway in lens formation during embryonic development of Xenopus laevis.

Baba K , Muraguchi T , Imaoka S .

The RING finger ubiquitin ligase seven in absentia homolog 2 (Siah2) was identified in the R7 photoreceptor cells of Drosophila melanogaster, and it regulates the stability of prolyl hydroxylase domains (PHDs), with a concomitant effect on HIF-1α availability in the hypoxia response pathway. We previously reported that the hypoxia response pathway contributes to eye development during the embryonic development of Xenopus laevis. In this paper, the role of Siah2-mediated hypoxia response pathway in eye development of X. laevis embryos was further characterized. Xenopus Siah2 (xSiah2) mRNA was detected in lens tissue and xSiah2 overexpression caused a thickened lens placode, leading to loss of the optic lens. In embryos overexpressing xSiah2, lens marker gene transcription was reduced, suggesting that xSiah2 contributes to lens formation. xSiah2 overexpression decreased Xenopus PHD accumulation and increased Xenopus HIF-1α (xHIF-1α) accumulation. xHIF-1α degeneration with resveratrol restored the optical abnormality caused by xSiah2 overexpression, suggesting that the xSiah2-mediated hypoxia response pathway contributes to lens formation. Moreover, xSiah2 overexpression decreased endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related Notch signaling-responsive genes transcription during the invasion of the lens placode. Our results suggest that the hypoxia response pathway plays an important role in the regulation of the EMT via the Notch signaling pathway during lens formation.

PubMed ID: 24282676
PMC ID: PMC3839852
Article link: FEBS Open Bio

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cdh2 foxe3 hes5.1 itk notch1 siah1 siah2 snai1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Bogdan, Misexpression of Xsiah-2 induces a small eye phenotype in Xenopus. 2001, Pubmed, Xenbase