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Biochem J March 1, 2014; 458 (2): 365-74.
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The inhibition of functional expression of calcium channels by prion protein demonstrates competition with α2δ for GPI-anchoring pathways.

Alvarez-Laviada A , Kadurin I , Senatore A , Chiesa R , Dolphin AC .

It has been shown recently that PrP (prion protein) and the calcium channel auxiliary α2δ subunits interact in neurons and expression systems [Senatore, Colleoni, Verderio, Restelli, Morini, Condliffe, Bertani, Mantovani, Canovi, Micotti, Forloni, Dolphin, Matteoli, Gobbi and Chiesa (2012) Neuron 74, 300-313]. In the present study we examined whether there was an effect of PrP on calcium currents. We have shown that when PrP is co-expressed with calcium channels formed from CaV2.1/β and α2δ-1 or α2δ-2, there is a consistent decrease in calcium current density. This reduction was absent when a PrP construct was used lacking its GPI (glycosylphosphatidylinositol) anchor. We have reported previously that α2δ subunits are able to form GPI-anchored proteins [Davies, Kadurin, Alvarez-Laviada, Douglas, Nieto-Rostro, Bauer, Pratt and Dolphin (2010) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 1654-1659] and show further evidence in the present paper. We have characterized recently a C-terminally truncated α2δ-1 construct, α2δ-1ΔC, and found that, despite loss of its membrane anchor, it still shows a partial ability to increase calcium currents [Kadurin, Alvarez-Laviada, Ng, Walker-Gray, D''Arco, Fadel, Pratt and Dolphin (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 1287, 33554-33566]. We now find that PrP does not inhibit CaV2.1/β currents formed with α2δ-1ΔC, rather than α2δ-1. It is possible that PrP and α2δ-1 compete for GPI-anchor intermediates or trafficking pathways, or that interaction between PrP and α2δ-1 requires association in cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains. Our additional finding that CaV2.1/β1b/α2δ-1 currents were inhibited by GPI-GFP, but not cytosolic GFP, indicates that competition for limited GPI-anchor intermediates or trafficking pathways may be involved in PrP suppression of α2δ subunit function.

PubMed ID: 24329154
PMC ID: PMC3924758
Article link: Biochem J
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: bag3 cacna1a cacna1b cav2 flot1 gnl3 gnpda1 gpi plcb1 prnp

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Altier, The Cavβ subunit prevents RFP2-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of L-type channels. 2011, Pubmed