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Exp Cell Res 2003 Jul 15;2872:237-48. doi: 10.1016/s0014-4827(03)00051-x.
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Xenopus single-minded (xSim) is a nuclear factor allowing nuclear translocation of its cytoplasmic partner xArnt.

Coumailleau P , Bollérot K , Lecomte C , Angelier N .

Transcription factors belonging to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH/PAS) family control a wide variety of biological processes in mammalian and/or Drosophila. We have previously isolated bHLH/PAS Xenopus amphibian homologs of Single-minded (xSim) and aryl receptor nuclear translocator (xArnt) and characterized their expression pattern during embryogenesis. We show in this paper that xSim protein is a functional homolog of Drosophila or mammalian Sim(s). Biochemical analysis indicates that xSim forms a heterodimer with xArnt. Subcellular localization analysis of bHLH/PAS chimeric fluorescent versions in Xenopus or mammalian cell lines shows that xSim is constitutively localized in the nuclear compartment. On the opposite, xArnt appears to be predominantly expressed in the cytoplasm. In addition, we demonstrate that xArnt nuclear localization depends on the presence of xSim. Thus xSim appears to be an essential factor in the nuclear translocation of the xSim/xArnt complex. In perfect agreement, we show that the C-terminal half of xSim contains the information for this nuclear localization.

PubMed ID: 12837280
Article link: Exp Cell Res

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: arnt sim1 sim2
Antibodies: Myc Ab3