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Hum Mutat February 1, 2018; 39 (2): 202-209.
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Gain-of-function HCN2 variants in genetic epilepsy.

Li M , Maljevic S , Phillips AM , Petrovski S , Hildebrand MS , Burgess R , Mount T , Zara F , Striano P , Schubert J , Thiele H , Nürnberg P , Wong M , Weisenberg JL , Thio LL , Lerche H , Scheffer IE , Berkovic SF , Petrou S , Reid CA .

Genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) is a common epilepsy syndrome that encompasses seizure disorders characterized by spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs). Pacemaker hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCN) are considered integral to SWD genesis, making them an ideal gene candidate for GGE. We identified HCN2 missense variants from a large cohort of 585 GGE patients, recruited by the Epilepsy Phenome-Genome Project (EPGP), and performed functional analysis using two-electrode voltage clamp recordings from Xenopus oocytes. The p.S632W variant was identified in a patient with idiopathic photosensitive occipital epilepsy and segregated in the family. This variant was also independently identified in an unrelated patient with childhood absence seizures from a European cohort of 238 familial GGE cases. The p.V246M variant was identified in a patient with photo-sensitive GGE and his father diagnosed with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Functional studies revealed that both p.S632W and p.V246M had an identical functional impact including a depolarizing shift in the voltage dependence of activation that is consistent with a gain-of-function. In contrast, no biophysical changes resulted from the introduction of common population variants, p.E280K and p.A705T, and the p.R756C variant from EPGP that did not segregate with disease. Our data suggest that HCN2 variants can confer susceptibility to GGE via a gain-of-function mechanism.

PubMed ID: 29064616
Article link: Hum Mutat

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: hcn1 hcn2 hcn3 hcn4 pcdh7 slc2a1
GO keywords: HCN channel complex

Disease Ontology terms: epilepsy