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BMC Genet September 2, 2019; 20 (1): 72.
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The SNPs in myoD gene from normal muscle developing individuals have no effect on muscle mass.

Ding S , Nie Y , Zhang X , Liu X , Wang C , Yuan R , Chen K , Zhu Q , Cai S , Fang Y , Chen Y , Mo D .

BACKGROUND: Myogenic Differentiation 1 (MyoD) is a crucial master switch in regulating muscle-specific gene transcription. Forced expression of myoD is equipped to induce several cell lineages into myoblast, which then differentiate and fuse into myotube. Pig is one of the most significant livestock supplying meat, and has been classified into lean, fat and miniature pig breeds. However, the mechanisms underlying muscle mass variation among different pig breeds have remained unclear. Considering the important effect of MyoD on muscle development, it remains to be investigated whether the difference in muscle mass is caused by its single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which are the major differences among pig breeds at DNA level. RESULTS: In this study, we identified the locations of porcine myoD regulatory regions including proximal regulatory region (PRR), distal regulatory region (DRR), and core enhancer (CE) region. There are 8 SNPs in the regulatory regions and 6 SNPs in gene body region, which were identified from lean, fat and miniature pig populations. However, these SNPs have no effects on its temporal expression and transcriptional activity which might lead to the distinction in postnatal muscle mass. In addition, overexpression of myoD clones across from amphibious to mammals including xenopus tropicalis, chicken, mouse and pig whose gene identities vary from 68 to 84%, could promote myogenesis in NIH3T3 fibroblasts cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results proved that myoD nucleotide variations from different pig populations have no effect on muscle mass, suggesting that the function of myoD is highly conserved not only among different pig breeds, but also across different species. Thus, it would be futile to discover SNPs affecting muscle mass in pig populations with normal muscle development.

PubMed ID: 31477002
PMC ID: PMC6720383
Article link: BMC Genet
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis
Genes referenced: cdh15 ckm ctrl fubp1 kit myod1 myog nectin1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Andersson, Domestic-animal genomics: deciphering the genetics of complex traits. 2004, Pubmed