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XB-ART-57048
iScience 2020 Jun 26;236:101130. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2020.101130.
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NMDARs Translate Sequential Temporal Information into Spatial Maps.

Hiramoto M , Cline HT .


Abstract
Spatial representations of the sensory world are important for brain function. Timing is an essential component of sensory information. Many brain circuits transform the temporal sequence of input activity into spatial maps; however, the mechanisms underlying this transformation are unclear. Different N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) response magnitudes result in synaptic potentiation or depression. We asked whether NMDAR response magnitude also affects the transformation of temporal information into directional spatial maps. We quantified retinotectal axon branch dynamics in Xenopus optic tectum in response to temporal sequences of visual stimulation. Reducing NMDAR responses by 50% inverts the spatial distribution of branch dynamics along the rostrocaudal axis in response to temporal patterns of input, suggesting that the magnitude of NMDAR signaling encodes the temporal sequence of inputs and translates the temporal code into a directional spatial map using structural plasticity-based branch dynamics. We discuss how this NMDAR-dependent decoding mechanism retrieves spatial information from sequential afferent activity.

PubMed ID: 32480133
PMC ID: PMC7262552
Article link: iScience
Grant support: [+]



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References [+] :
Ackman, Retinal waves coordinate patterned activity throughout the developing visual system. 2012, Pubmed