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Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Nov 01;124:104200. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2021.104200.
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Prior induction of cellular antiviral pathways limits frog virus 3 replication in two permissive Xenopus laevis skin epithelial-like cell lines.

Bui-Marinos MP , Todd LA , Wasson MD , Morningstar BEE , Katzenback BA .

Frog virus 3 (FV3) causes mortality in a range of amphibian species. Despite the importance of the skin epithelium as a first line of defence against FV3, the interaction between amphibian skin epithelial cells and FV3 remains largely uncharacterized. Here, we used newly established Xenopus laevis skin epithelial-like cell lines, Xela DS2 and Xela VS2, to study the susceptibility and permissiveness of frog skin epithelial cells to FV3, and the innate immune antiviral and proinflammatory gene regulatory responses of these cells to FV3. Both cell lines are susceptible and permissive to FV3, yet do not exhibit appreciable transcript levels of scavenger receptors thought to be used by FV3 for cellular entry. Xela DS2 and Xela VS2 upregulate antiviral and proinflammatory cytokine transcripts in response to poly(I:C) but not to FV3 or UV-inactivated FV3. Poly(I:C) pretreatment limits FV3 replication and FV3-induced cytopathic effects in both cell lines. Thus, Xela DS2 and Xela VS2 can support FV3 replication, represent in vitro systems to investigate antiviral responses of frog skin epithelial cells, and can serve as novel tools for screening compounds that initiate effective antiviral programs to limit FV3 replication.

PubMed ID: 34237380
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: actb cxcl8a.1 il1b scara3 scara5 tnf