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J Chem Phys February 28, 2022; 156 (8): 084117.
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Dynamic surface patterns on cells.

Chatterjee M , Sain A .

Dynamic pattern formations are commonly observed in multicellular systems, such as cardiac tissue and slime molds, and modeled using reaction-diffusion systems. Recent experiments have revealed dynamic patterns in the concentration profile of various cortical proteins at a much smaller scale, namely, embryos at their single-cell stage. Spiral waves of Rho and F-actin proteins have been reported in Xenopus frog and starfish oocytes [Bement et al., Nat. Cell Biol. 17, 1471 (2015)], while a pulsatile pattern of Rho and myosin proteins has been found in C. elegans embryo [Nishikawa et al., eLife 6, e30537 (2017)]. Here, we propose that these two seemingly distinct dynamic patterns are signatures of a single reaction-diffusion network involving active-Rho, inactive-Rho, actin, and myosin. We show that a small variation in the concentration of other ancillary proteins can give rise to different dynamical states from the same chemical network.

PubMed ID: 35232201
Article link: J Chem Phys

Genes referenced: rho