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J Neurosci 2001 Jun 15;2112:4154-61.
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Kinetic modulation of Kv4-mediated A-current by arachidonic acid is dependent on potassium channel interacting proteins.

Holmqvist MH , Cao J , Knoppers MH , Jurman ME , Distefano PS , Rhodes KJ , Xie Y , An WF .

The Kv4 subfamily of voltage-gated potassium channels is responsible for the transient A-type potassium current that operates at subthreshold membrane potentials to control membrane excitability. Arachidonic acid was shown recently to modulate both the peak amplitude and kinetics of the hippocampal A-current. However, in Xenopus oocytes, arachidonic acid only inhibited the peak amplitude of Kv4 current without modifying its kinetics. These results suggest the existence of Kv4 auxiliary subunit(s) in native cells. We report here a K-channel interacting protein (KChIP)-dependent kinetic modulation of Kv4.2 current in Chinese hamster ovary cells and Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 currents in Xenopus oocytes by arachidonic acid at physiological concentrations. This concentration-dependent effect of arachidonic acid resembled that observed in cerebellar granule neurons and was fully reversible. Other fatty acids, including a nonhydrolyzable inhibitor of both lipooxygenase and cyclooxygenase, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA), also mimicked arachidonic acid in modulating Kv4.3 and Kv4.3/KChIP1 currents. Compared with another transient potassium current formed by Kv1.1/Kvbeta1, Kv4.3/KChIP1 current was much more sensitive to arachidonic acid. Association between KChIP1 and Kv4.2 or Kv4.3 was not altered in the presence of 10 microm ETYA as measured by immunoprecipitation and association-dependent growth in yeast. Our data suggest that the KChIP proteins represent a molecular entity for the observed difference between arachidonic acid effects on A-current kinetics in heterologous cells and in native cells and are consistent with the notion that KChIP proteins modulate the subthreshold A-current in neurons.

PubMed ID: 11404400
PMC ID: PMC6762757
Article link: J Neurosci

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnip1

References [+] :
An, Modulation of A-type potassium channels by a family of calcium sensors. 2000, Pubmed, Xenbase