XB-ART-9559Cell 2001 Jan 26;1042:217-31. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(01)00207-0.
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MiRP2 forms potassium channels in skeletal muscle with Kv3.4 and is associated with periodic paralysis.
The subthreshold, voltage-gated potassium channel of skeletal muscle is shown to contain MinK-related peptide 2 (MiRP2) and the pore-forming subunit Kv3.4. MiRP2-Kv3.4 channels differ from Kv3.4 channels in unitary conductance, voltage-dependent activation, recovery from inactivation, steady-state open probability, and block by a peptide toxin. Thus, MiRP2-Kv3.4 channels set resting membrane potential (RMP) and do not produce afterhyperpolarization or cumulative inactivation to limit action potential frequency. A missense mutation is identified in the gene for MiRP2 (KCNE3) in two families with periodic paralysis and found to segregate with the disease. Mutant MiRP2-Kv3.4 complexes exhibit reduced current density and diminished capacity to set RMP. Thus, MiRP2 operates with a classical potassium channel subunit to govern skeletal muscle function and pathophysiology.
PubMed ID: 11207363
Article link: Cell
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnc4 kcne1 kcne3