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XB-ART-10189
Biochemistry October 17, 2000; 39 (41): 12688-98.
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Intersubunit interactions in human X,K-ATPases: role of membrane domains M9 and M10 in the assembly process and association efficiency of human, nongastric H,K-ATPase alpha subunits (ATP1al1) with known beta subunits.

Geering K , Crambert G , Yu C , Korneenko TV , Pestov NB , Modyanov NN .


Abstract
Na,K- and H,K-ATPase (X,K-ATPase) alpha subunits need association with a beta subunit for their maturation, but the authentic beta subunit of nongastric H,K-ATPase alpha subunits has not been identified. To better define alpha-beta interactions in these ATPases, we coexpressed human, nongastric H,K-ATPase alpha (AL1) and Na,K-ATPase alpha1 (alpha1NK) as well as AL1-alpha1 and alpha1-AL1 chimeras, which contain exchanged M9 and M10 membrane domains, together with each of the known beta subunits in Xenopus oocytes and followed their resistance to cellular and proteolytic degradation and their ER exit. We show that all beta subunits (gastric betaHK, beta1NK, beta2NK, beta3NK, or Bufo bladder beta) can associate efficiently with alpha1NK, but only gastric betaHK, beta2NK, and Bufo bladder beta can form stably expressed AL1-beta complexes that can leave the ER. The trypsin resistance and the forces of subunit interaction, probed by detergent resistance, are lower for AL1-beta complexes than for alpha1NK-beta complexes. Furthermore, chimeric alpha1-AL1 can be stabilized by beta subunits, but alpha1-AL1-gastric betaHK complexes are retained in the ER. On the other hand, chimeric AL1-alpha1 cannot be stabilized by any beta subunit. In conclusion, these results indicate that (1) none of the known beta subunits is the real partner subunit of AL1 but an as yet unidentified, authentic beta should have structural features resembling gastric betaHK, beta2NK, or Bufo bladder beta and (2) beta-mediated maturation of alpha subunits is a multistep process which depends on the membrane insertion properties of alpha subunits as well as on several discrete events of intersubunit interactions.

PubMed ID: 11027149
Article link: Biochemistry
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: atp12a atp1a1 prss1